Department of Chemical Engineering, Sahand University of Technology, Tabriz, Iran



Dust storms are common climatic phenomena in arid and semi-arid regions. In Iran, one of the environmental concerns is increasing dust storms. There are several ways to control this phenomenon, each of which has its limitations. Conventional methods for reducing dust storms (especially in arid and semi-arid areas) have been the stabilization of the dust generating center using chemical polymers and petroleum products, which in the current situation, due to the high cost and disagreement about the effects on their environment is not cost-effective. Therefore, due to the problems of this type of soil cover, the use of biopolymers, bio-mulch, and organisms to stabilize dust in recent years has been recommended as a suitable alternative. Biopolymers form a continuous or partially structured structure with each other by forming granulation soils, bonding fine particles together, and forming larger particles. The purpose of this article is to investigate the stabilization of soil and dust by biologically and environmentally friendly and safe methods.


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