Paper Preparation Guide
AUTHORS GUIDELINES FOR MANUSCRIPT PREPARATION
Authors should submit their contributions electronically through the Journal website submission system :
SUBMISSION OF PAPER
Requirements for new submission
Authors may choose to submit the manuscript as a single word file to be used in the refereeing process.
Requirement of revised submission
Only when the submitted paper is at the revision stage, authors will be requested to put the paper in to a 'correct format' for acceptance and provide the items required for the publication of the manuscript.
Contact details for submission
If authors are submitting a manuscript for publication in a special issue, please contact the Editor-in-Chief or Guest Editor for submission instructions. Please do not submit it through the online WES unless authors are specifically instructed to do so.
Average number of weeks between article submission & publication: 8 weeks
Authorship credit should be based on: (i) Substantial contributions to conception and design, acquisition of data, or analysis and interpretation of data, (ii) Drafting the article or revising it critically for important intellectual content; and (iii) Final approval of the version to be submitted for publication. All of these conditions should be met by all authors. Acquisition of funding, collection of data, or general supervision of the research group alone does not constitute authorship. All contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in an acknowledgments section. All authors must agree on the sequence of authors listed before submitting the article. All authors must agree to designate one author as the corresponding author for the submission. It is the responsibility of corresponding author to arrange the whole manuscript upon the requirements and to dialogue with the co-authors during the peer-reviewing and proofing stages and to also act on behalf.
To find out more, please visit the Preparation section below.
BEFORE YOU BEGIN
Ethics in Publishing
The ethical policy of WES is based on the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) guidelines and complies with International Committee of WES Editorial Board codes of conduct. Readers, authors, reviewers and editors should follow these ethical policies once working with WES . The ethical policy of WES is liable to determine which of the typical research papers or articles submitted to the journal should be published in the concerned issue. The publishing decision is based on the suggestion of the journal's reviewers and editorial board members. The ethical policy insisted the Editor-in-Chief, may confer with other editors or reviewers in making the decision. The reviewers are necessary to evaluate the research papers based on the submitted content in confidential manner. The reviewers also suggest the authors to improve the quality of research paper by their reviewing comments. Authors should ensure that their submitted research work is original and has not been published elsewhere in any language. Applicable copyright laws and conventions should be followed by the authors. Any kind of plagiarism constitutes unethical publishing behavior and is unacceptable. For information on this matter in publishing and ethical guidelines please visit http://publicationethics.org.
In order to sustain the peer review system, authors have an obligation to participate in peer review process to evaluate manuscripts from others. When appropriate, authors are obliged to provide retractions and/or corrections of errors to the editors and the Publisher. All papers submitted to WES journal will be peer reviewed for at least one round. WES journal adopts a double-blinded review policy: authors are blind to reviewers, and reviewers are also blind to authors.. The peer review process is conducted in the online manuscript submission and peer-review system. After a manuscript is submitted to the online system, the system immediately notifies the editorial office. After passing an initial quality check by the editorial office, the manuscript will be assigned to two or more reviewers. After receiving reviewers’ comments, the editorial team member makes a decision. Because reviewers sometimes do not agree with each other, the final decision sent to the author may not exactly reflect recommendations by any of the reviewers.
The decision after each round of peer review may be one of the following:
- Accept without any further changes.
- Accept with minor revision. The revised manuscript may or may not be sent to the reviewers for another round of comments.
- Decline with resubmission encouraged. Major changes are necessary for resubmission. The revised manuscript will be peer reviewed for another round. Typically, it will be sent to the original reviewers.
- Decline without encouraging resubmission. The manuscript is rejected for publication by WES.
In addition to rapid Peer Review Process, the WES Journal has Post-Publication Evaluation by the scientific community. Post-Publication Evaluation is concentrated to ensure that the quality of published research, review and case report meets certain standards and the conclusions that are presented are justified. The post-publication evaluation includes online comments and citations on published papers. Authors may respond to the comments of the scientific community and may revise their manuscript. The Post-Publication Evaluation is described in such a way; it is allowing authors to publish quickly about Environmental science, management, engineering and technology concepts.
Preparation of Manuscripts
Manuscripts must be submitted only in English and should be written according to sound grammar and proper terminology. Manuscripts should be typed in Times New Roman of 11 pt. font and in MS-Word format in one column with 2.5 cm margin at each side. Manuscript submission must be applied once in order to obtain only one submission ID number. More than one submission for a single manuscript can lose the chance of the manuscript consideration. Manuscript must be accompanied by a covering letter including title and author(s) name.
English Language Writing
All publications in the WES are in English language. Authors whose first language is not English should make sure their manuscript is written in idiomatic English before submission. Please write your text in good English (American or British usage is accepted, but not a mixture of these). No language and copy-editing services are provided by the WES; hence, authors who feel their manuscript may require editing to eliminate possible grammatical or spelling errors are encouraged to obtain such services prior to submission. Authors are responsible for all costs associated with such services.
Submission to WES journal proceeds totally online and authors will be guided stepwise through the creation and uploading of the manuscript files. As part of the manuscript, authors may choose to submit the manuscript as a single file to be used in the refereeing process. This can be a Word document (*.doc or *.docx), that can be used by referees to evaluate the manuscript. All figures, tables and supplementary data should be embedded and included in the main manuscript file.
References list must be provided according to the WES references format in a consistent style. Where applicable, author(s) name(s), year of publication, journal abbreviated title/ book title, chapter title/article title, volume and issue numbers/ book chapter and the pagination must be present. Provide hyperlinks under each references in the references list. No DOI's is admitted instead. All citations throughout the manuscript text must be highlighted with blue color.
All manuscripts must contain the essential elements needed to convey your manuscript, for example Abstract, Keywords, Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results and Discussion, Conclusion, Acknowledgement and Conflict of Interest. Artwork and Tables with Captions. Please ensure all figures, tables and supplementary data should be embedded and included in the main manuscript file.
Regardless of the file format of the original submission, at revision the authors are instructed to submit their manuscript with WES format and it may be editable. Keep the layout of the text as simple as possible. To avoid unnecessary errors the authors are strongly advised to use the 'spell-check' and 'grammar-check' for the submitted manuscript.
Manuscript Submission and Declaration
While submitting a manuscript to WES , all contributing author(s) must verify that the manuscript represents authentic and valid work and that neither this manuscript nor one with significantly similar content under their authorship has been published or is being considered for publication elsewhere including electronically in the same form, in English or in other language, without the written consent the copy right holder. All authors have agreed to allow the corresponding author to serve as the primary correspondent with the editorial office, to review the edited manuscript and proof. All contributing authors must complete and submit an Authorship Statement Form once submitting a manuscript to the WES. In addition, corresponding author is required to identify all authors’ contribution to the work described in the manuscript. All persons who have made substantial contributions to the work reported in the manuscript (e.g., data collection, analysis, writing or editing assistance) but who do not fulfill the authorship criteria should be mentioned along with their specific contributions in the Acknowledgments Section of the manuscript. It will helpful for determining the nature of the reported work. The contributing author(s) ensures that the presented data should be represented accurately in the manuscript and the manuscript should be contained sufficient references to reproduce the concept or work by others. The publisher will not be held legally responsible should there be any claims for compensation.
Manuscript Submission and Verification
Manuscripts are assumed not to be published previously in print or electronic version and are not under consideration by another publication. Copies of related or possibly duplicated materials (including those containing significantly similar content or using same data) that have been published previously or are under consideration for another publication must be provided at the time of online submission.
Manuscript literature and tenses must be structured as: Title; Abstract; Keywords; Introduction; Materials and Methods; Results and Discussion; Conclusion; Acknowledgements and References submitted in a file with limited size.
The title page should include:
- The name(s) of the author(s)
- A concise and informative title
- The affiliation(s) and address(es) of the author(s)
- The e-mail address, telephone and fax numbers of the corresponding author
Title of up to 17 words should not contain the name of locations, countries or cities of the research as well as abbreviations. Avoid complicated and technical expressions and do not use vague expressions. The title should be oriented to Environmental issues while not being obscure or meaningless.
An abstract of 200 to 300 words that sketches the purpose of the study; basic procedures; main findings its novelty; discussions and the principal conclusions, should not contain any undefined abbreviations or references. ABSTRACT content structures MUST be made according to: BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES; METHODS; FINDING and CONCLUSION.
Provide 5 to 7 keywords which can be used for indexing purposes. Keywords should not repeat the words of the manuscript title or contain abbreviations and shall be written in alphabetical order as separated by semicolon. Abbreviations should be defined at first mention and used consistently thereafter through the text.
Highlights are mandatory for WES journal. A highlight is a concise, short phraseو conveying the core findings of your research. Please use 'Highlights' in the file name and include 3 to 4 items. The approximate length of each highlight item may be within two lines.
A Graphical Abstract is a single, concise, pictorial and visual summary of the main findings of the article where it can be learnt more from the guideline at the link below or viewing from the WES Journal published articles graphical abstract: https://www.elsevier.com/authors/journal-authors/graphical-abstract
A graphical abstract image must be uploaded during submission. A Graphical Abstract should visually summarize the main findings of the manuscript research story in pictorial image, not by presenting with the manuscript figures, tables or maps. It should be relevant to the topic covered and serve to attract readers' attention to the paper.
The Introduction should state the purpose of the investigation and identify clearly the gap of knowledge that will be filled in the Literature review study. Date and location of the research carried out throughout the study must be mentioned at the end of this section.
Materials and Methods
The Materials and Methods section should provide enough information to permit repetition of the experimental work. It should include clear descriptions and explanations of sampling procedures, experimental design, and essential sample characteristics and descriptive statistics, hypothesis tested, exact references to literature describing the tests used in the manuscript, number of data involved in statistical tests, etc.
Results and Discussion
The Results section should describe the outcome of the study. Data should be presented as concisely as possible - if appropriate in the form of tables or figures, although very large tables should be avoided. The Discussion should be an interpretation of the results and their significance with reference to work by other authors. Please note that the policy of the Journal with respect to units and symbols is that of SI symbols.
Do not submit tables and graphs as photograph. Tables should be set within the text. Do not use internal horizontal and vertical rules. Tables should be set within the text and should have a clear and rational structure along with consecutive numerical order. All tables should be numbered (1, 2, 3, etc.). Give enough information in subtitles so that each table is understandable without reference to the text. For each table, please supply a table caption (title) explaining the components of the table. Identify any previously published material by giving the original source in the form of a reference at the end of the table caption. Tables should be with the captions placed above in limited numbers.
Footnotes to tables should be indicated by superscript lower-case letters (or asterisks for significance values and other statistical data) and included beneath the table body.
Figures/ illustrations should be in high quality art work, within 200-300 dpi and separately provided in Excel format. Ensure that figures are clear, labeled, and of a size that can be reproduced legibly in the journal. Figures should be set within the text. Following remarks should be applied to the figures:
- Each figure should have a concise caption describing accurately what the figure depicts. Include the captions in the text file of the manuscript, not in the figure file.
- Figure captions begin with the term Fig. Figures should be with the captions placed below in limited numbers.
- No punctuation is to be placed at the end of the caption.
- Identify all elements found in the figure in the figure caption; and use boxes, circles, etc., as coordinate points in graphs.
- Identify previously published material by giving the original source in the form of a reference citation at the end of the figure caption.
This section should highlight the major, firm discoveries, and state what the added value of the main finding is, without literature references.
Specify the contribution of each author of the manuscript performances. Write the contributor initials and surname of each author along with their role in the manuscript participation.
Acknowledgments of people, grants, funds, etc. should be placed in a separate section before the reference list. The names of funding organizations should be written in full. Financial support affiliation of the study, if exists, must be mentioned in this section. Thereby, the Grant number of financial support must be included.
Conflict of Interest
Conflict of interest statement must be placed at the manuscript as below:
"The authors declare that there are no conflicts of interest regarding the publication of this manuscript".
The list of all abbreviations which are used in the manuscript text they should be defined in the text at first use (Avoid addition of abbreviation in the manuscript abstract). The list of abbreviations (nomenclatures) must be provided alphabetically. If your manuscript does not contain any abbreviation, just state “Not applicable” in this section.
All the references should be cited throughout the manuscript text as well as in the Reference section organized in accordance with the WES reference style. Groups of references should be listed first alphabetically, then chronologically. The number of references extracted from each journal should not exceed 3 to 5 citations, which is the average acceptable amount. It is recommended that the number of references preferably is not less than 30 for original paper, not less than 100 for review paper. It is also substantially recommended to the authors to refer to recent references in last 10 years rather than old and out of date ones. Volume, issue and pages of the whole references must be specified according to the WES format.
Citing and listing of Web references
As a minimum, the full URL should be given. Any further information, if known (Author names, dates, reference to a source publication, etc.), should also be given. Please ensure that every reference cited in the text is also present in the reference list.
All citations in the text should refer to:
1. Single author: the author's name (without initials, unless there is ambiguity) and the year of publication;
2. Two authors: both authors' names and the year of publication;
3. Three or more authors: first author's name followed by "et al.," and the year of publication. Citations may be made directly (or parenthetically). Groups of references should be listed first alphabetically, then chronologically. Examples: "as demonstrated (Allan, 1996a, 1996b, 1999; Allan and Jones, 1995). Kramer et al., (2000) have recently shown ..."
References should be arranged first alphabetically and then further sorted chronologically if necessary. More than one reference from the same Author(s) in the same year must be identified by the letters "a", "b", "c", etc., placed after the year of publication.
Nouri, J. Lorestani, B. Yousefi, N. Khorasani, N. Hassani, A. H. Seif, F. Cheraghi, M. (2011). Phytoremediation potential of native plants grown in the vicinity of Ahangaran lead-zinc mine. Environ. Earth Sci., 62(3): 639-644 (6 pages).
Davis, M. L. (2005). Introduction to Environmental Engineering, 3rd. Ed. McGraw Hill Inc.
Mettam, G. R. Adams, L. B. (1999). How to prepare an electronic version of your article, in: Jones, B. S., Smith, R. Z. (Eds.), Introduction to the electronic age. E-Publishing Inc., New York.
Brown, J. (2005). Evaluating surveys of transparent governance. In UNDESA, 6th. Global forum on reinventing government: towards participatory and transparent governance. Seoul, Republic of Korea 24-27 May. United Nations: New York.
Trent, J. W. (1975). Experimental acute renal failure. Ph.D. Dissertation, University of California. USA.
Cartwright, J., (2007). Big stars have weather too. IOP Publishing Physics Web. (http://physicsworld.com/cws/article/news/2007/jun/26/big-stars-have-weather-too). Please note that references to electronic sites should only occur if there is an expectation that the site will be maintained.
Prior to acceptance of the manuscript for publication, the corresponding author will receive revision and proof in order to revise and will be asked to complete and signed, the copyright for the accepted article, individually due to the fully peer review processing and publication. Responsibility for the accuracy of bibliographic citations lies entirely with the corresponding author.
All contributing authors should qualify for authorship. The order of authorship should be a joint decision of the co-authors. Sufficient participation in the work is of utmost importance: (Download)
Authorship credit should be based on substantial contribution to conception and design, execution, or analysis and interpretation of data. All authors should be involved in drafting the article or revising it critically for important intellectual content, must have read and approved the final version of the manuscript and approve of its submission to this journal.
Changes to Authorship
After the manuscript is submitted or accepted for publication, the corresponding author is required to send a request to add or remove an author or to rearrange the author names of the submitted/accepted manuscript are as follows:
Before the accepted manuscript is published in an online issue
Requests to add or remove an author, or to rearrange the author names, must be sent to the Journal Manager from the corresponding author of the accepted manuscript and must include: (a) the reason the name should be added or removed, or the author names rearranged and (b) signed WES change to Authorship Form by all authors that they agree with the addition, removal or rearrangement. Requests that are not sent by the corresponding author will be forwarded by the Journal Managing Editor to the corresponding author, who must follow the procedure as described above. No authorship change is allowed after publication of manuscript. Note that: (1) Journal Managers will inform the Journal Editors of any such requests and (2) publication of the accepted manuscript in an online issue is suspended until authorship has been agreed.
After the accepted manuscript is published in an online issue
Any requests to add, delete, or rearrange author names in an article published in an online issue will follow the same policies as noted above and result in a corrigendum.
Journals should make clear the type of copyright under which authors work will be published. Upon acceptance of manuscript, authors will be asked to complete a 'Journal Publishing Agreement' (Download). An e-mail will be sent to the corresponding author confirming receipt of the manuscript together with a 'Journal Publishing Agreement' form or a link to the online version of this agreement.
Permission should be sought from the publisher to reproduce any substantial part of a copyrighted work that depends on both the significance of the material and the quantity of material used. This includes any text, illustrations, charts, tables, photographs, or other material from previously published sources used. If excerpts from other copyrighted works are included, the author(s) must obtain written permission from the copyright owners (publisher) and credit the source(s) in the manuscript.
Permission not required
Copyright protects only original (i.e. creative) material. As such it protects only the particular form of expression of a work, and not the ideas or facts contained in it. Public domain works are not protected by copyright and may be reproduced without permission. Permission would however be required to re-use the final formatted, edited, published version of the work in certain cases, as it is owned by the publisher.
Open Access Publication
WES publishes the research work, covering a wide range of academic disciplines. All papers published in WES are open access and distributed under the open access license agreement (create the open access license agreement form). Under this license, authors retain ownership of the copyright for their content, but allow anyone to download, reuse, reprint, modify, distribute, and/or copy the content as long as the original authors and source are cited properly. There are two distinct types of licenses viz., author agreement and user agreement, which are need to be defined during the open access publication process.
In order to disseminate the authors’ research work, the publishers need publishing rights. For open access articles the publisher uses an exclusive licensing agreement in which authors retain copyright in their manuscript (Download)
User license Agreement
WES provides access to archived material through WES archives. Manuscripts are the parts of an open archive are made freely available from WES website after certain period, which begins from the final publication date of the manuscript. Users or readers of authors’ manuscript also need to be clear on how they can use the manuscript.
All articles published open access will be immediately and permanently free for everyone to read and download. Permitted reuse is defined by Creative Commons user license called "Creative Common Attribution".
Creative Commons Attribution
Permit others distribute and copy the manuscript, to create extracts, abstracts, and other revised versions, adaptations or derivative works of or from manuscript (such as a translation), to include in a collective work, to text or data mine the article, even for commercial purposes, as long as they credit the author(s), do not represent the author as endorsing their adaptation of the article, and do not modify the article in such a way as to damage the author's honor or reputation. Further details found at: Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)
Conflict of Interest
Further information on Conflict of Interest Disclosure form can be found at: Click here
Role of Funding Source
Authors are requested to clearly identify who provided financial support for the conduct of research and/or preparation of the article and briefly describe the role of the funder/sponsor in any part of the work including design and conduct of the study, data collection, data management, data analysis and interpretation, preparation, review and approval of the manuscript. The following rules should be followed:
- The sentence should begin with: ‘This work was supported by …’.
- The full official funding agency name should be given in an expandable form not in an abbreviated form.
- Grant numbers should be complete and accurate and provided in brackets as follows: ‘[grant number ABX CDXXXXXX]’
- Multiple grant numbers should be separated by a comma as follows: ‘[grant numbers ABX CDXXXXXX, EFX GHXXXXXX]’
- Agencies should be separated by a semi-colon (plus ‘and’ before the last funding agency)
Standard Reporting Guidelines
Authors of original research papers and review articles should report their work accurately. Original research papers should be contained sufficient details to allow other researchers to replicate the work. Review articles should be included important work by researchers in a field and should be objectively written.