Document Type : Original Article
University of Basrah, College of Engineering
This study's objective was to evaluate the physicochemical characteristics of the Shatt Al-Arab River in the Basra Governorate for irrigation purposes. These characteristics were pH, EC, Total Dissolved Solids, Calcium, Magnesium, Total Suspended Solids, and Nitrate. The Canadian Council of Ministers of the Environment (CCME) Water Quality Index (WQI) was applied to the analytical data of the parameters in order to fulfill the goal and produce a single value that was used to rank the river at each of the sample stations. The findings showed that some parameters studied in the Shatt Al- Arab River increased as it flowed through the study area, which could be primarily attributed to rising wastewater discharges into the river, which has a negative impact on the WQI values for these stations, which range from 41.6 to 43.6. As a result of these analyses, the Shatt Al- Arab River's water quality at the station’s Karma Ali and Al-Sindbad is classified as "Poor quality" for irrigation purposes.