WES Journal



Forscher Publication


Professor Miklas Scholz

 Managing Editor:

Dr Majid Khayatnezhad

 Online ISSN: 2710-3404 


Water and Environmental Sustainability (WES) is an open access quarterly FREE CHARGE Publication as a non-commercial publication. The title welcomes original, review, novel and high-impact contributions from the related Environmental science and Water issues. All submitted manuscripts are checked for similarity through a trustworthy software named iThenticate to be assured about its originality and then rigorously peer-reviewed by the international reviewers.

Current Issue, Volume 2, Issue 4, 2022


1. Levafix blue color's visible light degradation utilizing Fenton and photo-Fenton procedures
Haitao Lin
Volume 2, Issue 4, Autumn 2022, Pages 1-8
DOI: 10.52293/WES.2.4.18
Abstract: Synthetic colors are generally utilized in the industrial section for the chemical consistency and ease of synthesis. Micropollutants in water sources propose an actual hazard to the natural ecosystem and the health of humans (Kim and Zoh, 2016). The traditional procedures have been limited approaches for dealing by sewage pollutants. Furthermore, Advanced Oxidation Processes, according to the hydroxyls radicals' generation, have been discovered and indicated to be influential procedures for removing the poisonous chemical mixes. In this study, we have investigated Fenton and Photo-Fenton procedures' performance on the Blue levafix color degradation, as a substitution technique for the textile industry swage treatment. The irradiation intensity impact, initial color concentration, initial PH, iron concentration, nitrate, and organic material have been investigated. The whole irradiation investigations have been gained at 365 nm utilizing high-pressure mercury lamp (Philips HPW, 15 W). Levafix Blue color discoloration kinetics has been monitored by UV-Vis spectrophotometer analysis in the highest adsorbsion wavelength (613 nm). So, under an acidic medium, it has been regarded that both procedures, Fenton and Photo-Fenton, could remove around 99 percent of contaminants. Nevertheless, the iron concentration growth causes the response prohibition.


2. ling women by Greenhouse plan as illustrated in the Post-Feminist Tamil Film 36 Vayadhinile
Sanjoli Mobar, Pradeep Bhatnagar
Volume 2, Issue 4, Autumn 2022, Pages 9-12
DOI: 10.52293/WES.2.4.912
Abstract: Post-feminism happened in the '80s, and it is a favorably discussed issue because the word “post” could be directed as “dead” or “after” feminism. Its objectives are various from second-wave and third-wave feminism. One of the major post-feminism objectives is that women could be equally empowered as men. For realizing this aim, women must be financially steady for running their families by themselves. In the start, the post-feminist creation concentrated very much on media. In the current strategy, there are considerable kinds of media obtainable. For this study aim, the investigators have selected one of the visual media, film, especially Tamil films. In this study, they try to investigate how women's empowerment via greenhouse plan is illustrated in the post-feminist Tamil film 36 Vayadhinile.


3. The efficiency of Nitrogen utilization and root nodules' life cycle in Alfalfa after various mineral fertilization and cultivation of soil
 Amna Abdelmoneim Elsayied Abdein 
Volume 2, Issue 4, Autumn 2022, Pages 13-20
DOI: 10.52293/WES.2.4.1320
Abstract: The efficiency of the Nitrogen utilization and root nodules' life cycle in alfalfa after various mineral fertilizing and cultivation of soil methods have been investigated. The field test has been performed in the Forage Crops Institute, Pleven, Bulgaria on leached chernozem subsoil kinds and with no irrigation. The next cures have experimented: 1) for fertilization as below: N0P0K0 (controlling); N60P100K80 (an admitted technology); N23P100K35 (nitrogen has been used 1/2 in the first year of grow and 1/2 in the third year); N23P100K35 (nitrogen has been provided pre-sowing); N35P80K50, and Amophose – 250 kg/ha, estimated at fertilization rate N27P120K0; ii) for soil cultivation as below: soil losing 10-12 cm, plow at depth 12 to 15 cm, 22 to 24 cm (an admitted technologies), 18 to 22 cm and 30 to 35 cm. It has been seen that the cultivation of soil and mineral fertilizing had an impact on nitrogen utilization efficiency and the root nodules' life cycle in Alfalfa. Nitrogen utilization efficiency has been discovered for being maximum at N23P100K35 and plow at the depth of 22 to 24 cm. The root nodules' life cycle has been the longest at N35P80K50 and plows at the depth of 18 to 22 cm. The more useful root mass for nodule number ratio has been seen at N23P100K35 and plow at the depth of 22 to 24 cm.


4. Soil Managing Techniques for Stable Agroecosystems in India
Kingsley Mohammed and Olagunju Achebe
Volume 2, Issue 4, Autumn 2022, Pages 21-26
DOI: 10.52293/WES.2.4.2126
Abstract: There is a critical demand for food need in the next fifty years is a massive challenge for the consistency of food production for global and local circumstances. Recent farming technologies might be improving fertility while they might be menacing farming ecosystems. This study presents the soil mesofauna importance and managing techniques to improve soil health. An adjusted tullegren funnel has accomplished the soil mesofauna extraction and analysis of edaphic elements like soil temperature, soil moisture, organic carbon, available nitrogen, and phosphate has been accomplished by standard lab techniques. The outcome demonstrated that soil mesofaunal communities are affected with some chosen elements by managing techniques like cropping, tilling, etc. that eventually help in keeping the health of the soil.


5. Thermic impact because of Induce field of distribution radiation
Xin Hunag Li
Volume 2, Issue 4, Autumn 2022, Pages 27-31
DOI: 10.52293/WES.2.4.2731
Abstract: The thermic impact in the tissue generates according to penetration and adsorption of radiofrequency radiation released by the radio distribution antenna. The numeric estimation is created for the special adsorption speed in the outcome of the generated electrical domain according to the radio tower in various spaces from the transition tower. The penetration depth in the blood and cerebro spinal fluid is various. The body temperature has remained in a set point via the body thermoregulatory technique is concerned. The tissue injury might generate according to the unavailability of adequate techniques for carrying out all of the undesirable warmth in the heat energy increase deposited by the distribution antenna that may be harmful to the human beings. The comparison is produced by the international approaches of the World Health Organization (WHO) and the International Commission on Non-Ionization Radiation Protection (ICNIRP) for the energy deposit amount according to the radio frequency of highly power distribution antenna in the chosen tissues. For following the international approaches carefully for the high power transmitters installation of radiofrequency radiation is suggested and the recommendation is created for the lowest space of human beings from distribution antenna for secure exposures.


6. Assessment of sugarcane dry material product by ecological approach in Loamy Soil at Aurangabad
Oliver Barth
Volume 2, Issue 4, Autumn 2022, Pages 32-35
DOI: 10.52293/WES.2.4.3235
Abstract: Sugarcane is a tropic, yearly grass produce plant belonging to the family Poaceae that comprises sideways shoot in the base for producing multiple stems, generally 3- 4 meters tall and almost 2- 5 centimeters in diameter. The stems develop to cane stalk that when mature constitutes around seventy-five percent of the whole plant. A grown stalk is generally comprised of eleven to sixteen percent of fiber, twelve to sixteen percent of soluble sugars, two to three percent of non-sugars, and sixty-three to seventy-three percent of water. A sugarcane product is related to the weather, soil type, irrigation, fertilizers, insects, disease control, varieties, and the harvest period. The middle of cane stalk yield is sixty to seventy tons each hectare per year. This investigation has been performed in Dange Farm at Jayakwadi Area Paithan Dist. Aurangabad. (M.S.) the analyses indicate the data on the direct fertility of sugarcane grow on loamy soil. The product Saccharum Officin arum Linn var.CO.419 grow in loamy soil in the Aurangabad area utilized for data collection. It has been seen, which the primary fertility gains as the product age up to 184 days, and after it began reducing by the aging of product. The prior fertility indicates an important relation between the leaf size and the other growth factors. With the comparison of the fertility database of cropland by other terrestrial ecosystems such as pastureland ecosystems .it has been calculated that the cropland has more fertility as compared to the pastureland ecosystems. The measure of the prior fertility of green plants, the most significant harvester of nature is the sun. Via energy transition by the sun, the whole biosphere produces various kinds of ecosystems. For the proper attention and knowledge of the ecosystem, ecologists are spending awareness for collecting database on the prior fertility of various kinds of systems such as terrestrial, forest, and aquatic ecosystems in the world. The dry material fertility to the cropland ecosystems. Sugarcane product provided dry weight for 184 days old product when it passed dry weight two to nine days older product that is the production of crop reductions after a certain age of the plant. At the time of the last sampling, it was regarded that the stem dry weight has been about 3 times high than green leaves. Furthermore provides 5 times much than no green leaves. With a comparison of the earlier study results in various crops, it is more acceptable.


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Publisher Prefix: 10.52293

 Journal Prefix: 10.52293/WES




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